Construction of PAN-based activated carbon nanofibers for hydrogen storage under ambient pressure

Junwei Yu, Tianhao Lin, Jialin Li, Wanqin Zhang, Wenzhe Bao, Bo Zhu

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Adsorption agents are an important class of solid hydrogen storage materials. Attributed to their high specific surface area and adjustable nanopore structure, activated carbon nanofibers have attracted extensive attention in the application of solid hydrogen storage. The research in this field mostly focuses on applications with a hydrogen pressure condition of 30 to 300 bar, while there have been few systematic studies on the hydrogen storage performance of these materials under ambient pressure. In this study, polyacrylonitrile-based activated carbon nanofibers were constructed by electrospinning technology and ultrasonic-assisted activation technology for the application of atmospheric hydrogen storage. Their nanopore structure was revealed to be mainly composed of micropores, and the relative contents of micropore volume and ultramicropore volume were 77.92% to 88.3% and 22.34% to 24.68%, respectively. Attributed to the synergy of rich microporous structure and surface chemical structure, the atmospheric hydrogen storage density of activated carbon nanofibers could reach 2.64 wt% at 77 K and 1 bar. After the optimization analysis of adsorption isotherm models, the Multisite-Langmuir model was found as more suitable for accurately describing the atmospheric hydrogen adsorption process of activated carbon nanofibers.

Document Type: Original article

Cited as: Yu, J., Lin, T., Li, J., Zhang, W., Bao, W., Zhu, B. Construction of PAN-based activated carbon nanofibers for hydrogen storage under ambient pressure. Capillarity, 2023, 6(3): 49-56.


Activated carbon nanofibers, polyacrylonitrile, atmospheric hydrogen storage, adsorption isotherm model

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