Criteria and favorable distribution area prediction of Paleogene effective sandstone reservoirs in the Lufeng Sag, Pearl River Mouth Basin

Sa Yu, Cheng Wang, Dongxia Chen, Bowei Guo, Zhe Cai, Zhi Xu

Abstract view|8|times       PDF download|6|times


As the focus of conventional oil and gas exploration is changing from shallow to deep layers, the identification of deep effective reservoirs is crucial to exploration and development. In this paper, based on the geological anatomy of oil and gas reservoirs, a new discriminatory criterion and evaluation method for effective reservoirs is proposed in combination with the analysis of reservoir formation dynamics mechanism. The results show that the hydrocarbon properties of the reservoir vary with the ratio of the capillary force between the sandstone reservoir and its surrounding rock. The effective reservoir is discriminated and the reservoir quality is evaluated based on the capillary force and depth of the surrounding media and the sandstone reservoir for adjacent plates. When the capillary force ratio is greater than 0.6, fewer effective reservoirs are developed. The effective reservoir is determined by the capillary force ratio of the sandstone reservoir and the surrounding rock medium to mechanically explain the geological phenomenon that low-porosity reservoirs can also accumulate hydrocarbons. Our findings have significant guiding value for Paleogene oil and gas exploration in the Zhu I depression of Pearl River Mouth Basin.

Cited as: Yu, S., Wang, C., Chen, D., Guo, B., Cai, Z., Xu, Z. Criteria and favorable distribution area prediction of Paleogene effective sandstone reservoirs in the Lufeng Sag, Pearl River Mouth Basin. Advances in Geo-Energy Research, 2022, 6(5): 388-401.


Lufeng Sag, effective reservoir, capillary force ratio, quantitative evaluation, favorable area prediction

Full Text:



Athens, N. D., Caers, J. K. A monte carlo-based framework for assessing the value of information and development risk in geothermal exploration. Applied Energy, 2019, 256: 113932.

Barach, B. A. B., Jaafar, M. Z., Gaafar, G. R., et al. Development and identification of petrophysical rock types for effective reservoir characterization: Case study of the Kristine Field, Offshore Sabah. Natural Resources Research, 2021, 30(3): 2497-2511.

Berg, R. R. Capillary pressures in stratigraphic traps. AAPG Bulletin, 1975, 59(6): 939-956.

Ehrenberg, S. N., Nadeau, P. H. Sandstone vs. carbonate petroleum reservoirs: A global perspective on porosity- depth and porosity-permeability relationships. AAPG Bulletin, 2005, 89(4): 435-445.

England, W. A., Mackenzie, A. S., Mann, D. M., et al. The movement and entrapment of petroleum fluids in the subsurface. Journal of the Geological Society, 1987, 144(2): 327-347.

Ge, J., Zhu, X., Zhao, X., et al. Tectono-sedimentary signature of the second rift phase in multiphase rifts: A case study in the Lufeng depression (38-33.9 Ma), Pearl River Mouth Basin, south China sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2020, 114: 104218.

Guo, S., Lu, X., Zhang, Y. Relationship between tight sandstone reservoir Formation and hydrocarbon charging: A case study of a Jurassic reservoir in the eastern Kuqa Depression, Tarim Basin, NW China. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 2018, 52: 304-316.

He, H., Li, S., Liu, C., et al. Characteristics and quantitative evaluation of volcanic effective reservoirs: A case study from Junggar Basin, China. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 2020, 195: 107723.

Huang, H., Li, R., Chen, W., et al. Revisiting movable fluid space in tight fine-grained reservoirs: A case study from Sha-he-jie shale in the Bohai Bay Basin, NE China. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 2021, 207: 109170.

Huang, Y., Liu, Z., Li, P., et al. Analysis of lithofacies and evaluation of effective reservoirs of member 2 of Xujiahe Formation in the Xinchang area in Western Sichuan. Petroleum Research, 2020, 5(3): 244-253.

Hubbert, M. K. The theory of ground-water motion. The Journal of Geology, 1940, 48(8): 785-944.

Hubbert, M. K. Entrapment of petroleum under hydrodynamic conditions. AAPG Bulletin, 1953, 37(8): 1954-2026.

Huo, Z., Pang, X., Fan, K., Anatomy and application of facies-potential coupling on hydrocarbon accumulation in typical lithologic reservoirs in Jiyang Depression. Petroleum Geology & Experiment, 2014, 36(5): 574-582. (in Chinese)

Jiang, H., Pang, X., Chen, D., et al. Effective sandstone reservoir determination and quantitative evaluation of deep strata in Kuqa depression, Tarim Basin. Acta Petrol Sinica, 2015, 36(S2): 112-119. (in Chinese)

Jiang, H., Pang, X., Shi, H., et al. Physical threshold of effective reservoir evaluation based on capillary pressure. Geological Review, 2014, 60(4): 869-876. (in Chinese)

Li, Z., Zhang, L., Yuan, W., et al. Logging identification for diagenetic facies of tight sandstone reservoirs: A case study in the Lower Jurassic Ahe Formation, Kuqa Depression of Tarim Basin. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2022, 139: 105601.

Masters, J. A. Deep basin gas trap western Canada. AAPG Bulletin, 1979, 63(2): 152-181.

Mohaghegh, S. D. Converting detail reservoir simulation models into effective reservoir management tools using SRMs; case study-three green fields in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, 2014, 7(2): 115-131.

Okunuwadje, S. E., MacDonald, D., Bowden, S. Diagenetic and reservoir quality variation of Miocene sandstone reservoir analogues from three basins of southern California, USA. Journal of Earth Science, 2020, 31(5): 930- 949.

Pang, X., Chen, D., Zhang, J., et al. Physical simulation experimental study on mechanism for hydrocarbon accumulation controlled by facies-potential-source coupling. Journal of Palaeogeography, 2013, 15(5): 575-592. (in Chinese)

Pang, X., Liu, K., Ma, Z., et al. Dynamic field division of hydrocarbon migration, accumulation and hydrocarbon enrichment rules in sedimentary basins. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 2012, 86(6): 1559-1592.

Purcell, W. R. Capillary pressures-their measurement using mercury and the calculation of permeability therefrom. Journal of Petroleum Technology, 1949, 1(2): 39-48.

Sun, H., Zhong, D., Zhan, W., et al. Reservoir characteristics in the Cretaceous volcanic rocks of Songliao Basin, China: A case of dynamics and evolution of the volcano-porosity and diagenesis. Energy Exploration & Exploitation, 2019, 37(2): 607-625.

Tang, P., Chen, D., Wang, Y., et al. Diagenesis of microbialite-dominated carbonates in the Upper Ediacaran Qigebrak Formation, NW Tarim Basin, China: Implications for reservoir development. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2022, 136: 105476.

Tian, L. Genesis mechanism of tuffaceous materials in Paleogene Large-scale glutenite reservoirs and implications for hydrocarbon exploration in the Huizhou Depression, Pearl River Mouth Basin. Earth Science, 2022, 47(2): 452-463. (in Chinese)

Wang, C., Chen, D., Li, H., et al. Differential genetic mechanisms of deep high-quality reservoirs in the Paleogene Wenchang Formation in the Zhu-1 depression, Pearl River Mouth Basin. Energies, 2022, 15(9): 3277.

Wang, W., Pang, X., Chen, Z., et al. Improved methods for determining effective sandstone reservoirs and evaluating hydrocarbon enrichment in petroliferous basins. Applied Energy, 2020, 261: 114457.

Wang, T., Pang, X., Max, I., et al. The genetic mechanism and model of deep-basin gas accumulation and methods for predicting the favorable areas. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 2003, 77(4): 547-556.

Wang, D., Xin, B., Yang, H., Zircon SHRIMP U-Pb age and geological implications of tuff at the bottom of Chang-7 Member of Yanchang Formation in the Ordos Basin. Science China Earth Sciences, 2014, 57(12): 2966-2977.

Wang, X., Zhang, X., Lin, H., et al. Paleogene geological framework and tectonic evolution of the central anticlinal zone in Lufeng 13 sag, Pearl River Mouth Basin. Petroleum Research, 2019, 4(3): 238-249.

Wu, W., Li, Q., Pei, J., et al. Seismic sedimentology, facies analyses, and high-quality reservoir predictions in fan deltas: A case study of the Triassic Baikouquan Formation on the western slope of the Mahu Sag in China’s Junggar Basin. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2020, 120: 104546.

Zeng, Q., Mo, T., Zhao, J., et al. Characteristics, genetic mechanism and oil & gas exploration significance of high-quality sandstone reservoirs deeper than 7000 m: A case study of the Bashijiqike Formation of Lower Cretaceous in the Kuqa depression, NW China. Natural Gas Industry B, 2020, 7(4): 317-327.

Zhou, J., Qiao, X., Wang, R., et al. Effective reservoir development model of tight sandstone gas in Shanxi Formation of Yan’an Gas Field, Ordos Basin, China. Journal of Natural Gas Geoscience, 2022, 7(2): 73-84.

Zhu, M., Liu, Z., Liu, H., et al. Structural division of granite weathering crusts and effective reservoir evaluation in the western segment of the northern belt of Dongying Sag, Bohai Bay Basin, NE China. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2020, 121: 104612.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright ©2018. All Rights Reserved