Experimental study on the isothermal adsorption of methane gas in natural gas hydrate argillaceous silt reservoir

Rongrong Qi, Xuwen Qin, Cheng Lu, Chao Ma, Wenjing Mao, Wentong Zhang

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Gas hydrate occurs in hydrate reservoirs in a solid form. At present, the conventional exploitation method is to decompose solid hydrate and then extract the resulting gaseous gas. Therefore, the occurrence law of gas in a reservoir is of great significance for the study of gas hydrate seepage and productivity. Adsorption, as an important occurrence mode, has been widely concerned in the research on shale reservoirs. However, the adsorption problem in hydrate reservoirs has not received enough attention. In this paper, the existence of adsorption in a hydrate reservoir has been experimentally confirmed for the first time. Based on the argillaceous silt of a natural gas hydrate reservoir in the South China Sea, the pore structure and adsorption characteristics of argillaceous silt were experimentally studied, and the results were compared with those of typical shale reservoirs. The modified Langmuir and Dubinin-Radushevich equations were used to fit the adsorption data, and the suitable adsorption model of argillaceous silt was established and optimized. The results showed that the inhomogeneous slit pores are dominant in argillaceous silt, and they are formed by the accumulation of lamellar particles. Compared with shale, the adsorption capacity of argillaceous silt is weak under the same conditions. However, adsorption is a spontaneous exothermic reaction, and the ambient temperature of argillaceous silt is much lower than that of shale. Therefore, it is possible for argillaceous silt to achieve an adsorption capacity comparable to that of shale. The modified Langmuir model can be used to simulate argillaceous silt adsorption at low pressure, while under medium and high pressures, the modified Dubinin-Radushevich model performs better. The adsorption capacity of argillaceous silt is affected by moisture. When the water content is 20%, the Langmuir adsorption capacity and the Dubinin-Radushevich maximum adsorption capacity decreases by 21.88% and 13.67%, respectively, which is far less than the influence of moisture on shale adsorption, as reported in the literature.

Cited as: Qi, R., Qin, X., Lu, C., Ma, C., Mao, W., Zhang, W. Experimental study on the isothermal adsorption of methane gas in natural gas hydrate argillaceous silt reservoir. Advances in Geo-Energy Research, 2022, 6(2): 143-156. https://doi.org/10.46690/ager.2022.02.06


Natural gas hydrate; adsorption; argillaceous silt; pore structure

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.46690/ager.2022.02.06


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